GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TECHNIQUE INTEGRATED CYCLE OF ORGANIC WASTE

From TKWB Traditional Knowledge World Bank
Jump to: navigation, search

GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TECHNIQUE
Technique: INTEGRATED CYCLE OF ORGANIC WASTE

Definition characters description and diffusion

The traditional town integrates with agriculture by replacing the forest in desert areas, by collecting fertilizers produced by the inhabitants' organic waste and through its production of water collected on the roofs. The humus thus produced in the fields provides the colloidal material indespensible to build adobe towns. The cavity resulting from the excavation is used as an impluvium for water, a ditch for the transformation of excrement into humus, a productive garden protected by the outside excavated walls. This is a continuous cycle of activities in which the result of one forms the basis for the next.

General characters description and diffusion

The case of the Hadramaut calley in southern Yemen is a significant example of the persistence of an integrated traditional cycle. The town of Shibam with its supply of biological matter, allows the growth of the palm trees and agricultural production. A continuously interacting cycle starts. Not only do foodstuffs feed the population and return to the soil as fertilizer, but the entire city, with its forms and achitecture, is founded upon the eternal principle of the complete reuse of the resources. As a matter of fact, the material to build the city is obtained by excavations in the garden. This is the only kind of soil suitable for building because of its richness in humus that gives it binding properties. In fact, the sediments of the wadi would be sterile and unusable without the biological components produced by agriculture and the organic fertilizer deriving from human excrement. These practices are solutions to emergency of waste and excellent supply for soils.

Advantages and sustainability

Here nothing is wasted. Each cycle feeds into the next to create a balance of water, humus, food etc. so that a community can sustain itself. 

Images

Deepening

TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUE DATA

Technique
INTEGRATED CYCLE OF ORGANIC WASTE
Icon
Cathegory
B - Agriculture
Identification code
B9g
Local applications of the technique
Success stories
Innovative technologies and solutions

RELATED TECHNIQUES

Author:
IPOGEA, www.ipogea.org
Other authors:
Reference:

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox