Difference between revisions of "GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TECHNIQUE TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS"

From TKWB Traditional Knowledge World Bank
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(21 intermediate revisions by one user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{DISPLAYTITLE:<span style="display:none">{{FULLPAGENAME}}</span>}}
 +
<html>
 +
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
  
    <table width="100%" style="background-color: #964B00" border="2" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
+
<!--  <h1 style="font-size: 16px; color: #AAAAAA; border-bottom: 0; font-weight: bold">TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS</h1>-->
      <tr style="height: 100px;">  
+
  <table width="100%" style="background-color: #DBB497" border="2" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
        <td><font style="font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; font-size: 24px; padding: 10px;">GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TECHNIQUE</font></td>
+
    <tr style="height: 100px;">
        <td><font style="font-weight: bold; font-size: 36px; padding: 10px;">TKWB</font></td>
+
      <td><font style="font-weight: normal; text-decoration: none; font-size: 24px; padding: 10px;">GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TECHNIQUE</font></td>
      </tr>
+
<!--      <td align="center" ><font style="font-weight: normal; font-size: 36px; padding: 10px;">TKWB</font></td>-->
      <tr>
+
    </tr>
        <td colspan="2">
+
    <tr>
          <table width="100%" style="background-color: #FFFFFF; ">
+
      <td colspan="2">
            <tr>
+
      <table width="100%" style="background-color: #FFFFFF; ">
              <td width="80%" style="border: 1px solid #000000; vertical-align: top;" align="left">
+
        <tr>
                <div style="margin: 20px;">
+
          <td width="80%" style="border: 1px solid #000000; vertical-align: top;" align="left">
                  <div style="border: 2px solid #000000; min-height: 81px; margin-bottom: 50px;">
+
          <div style="margin: 20px;">
                      <img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/imgcategory/E6.jpg" style="padding: 10px; float: left;" /> <div style="margin-top: 26px;"><font style="font-size: 16px;">Technique:</font> <font style="font-size: 22px; font-weight: bold;">TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS</font></div>
+
            <div style="border: 2px solid #000000; min-height: 81px; margin-bottom: 50px;">
                  </div>
+
            <table>
                  <h1>DEFINITION CHARACTERS DESCRIPTION AND DIFFUSION</h1><p>Type of settlements in arid lands, result of a comprehensive program for the organization and management of desert space that eliminates the aridity of that space&rsquo;s surfaces by creating niches and microenvironments.</p>
+
            <tr>
 
+
            <td>
                  <h1 style="margin-top: 50px;">GENERAL CHARACTERS DESCRIPTION AND DIFFUSION</h1><p>An oasis is not a natural result of chance, it is a carefully designed and managed ecosystem. It is the result of a comprehensive program for the organization and management of desert space that eliminates the aridity of that space&rsquo;s surfaces by creating niches and microenvironments that contrast with the overall cycle. An oasis requires a complex of highly elaborate knowledge that combines an assortment of skills with a refined awareness of place. Geographical and social components are both essential to its making. The two aspects are inextricably bound together.&nbsp;<br />
+
              <img src="http://web.tkwb.org/tkwb/public/definitionTechniqueImage?fileName=E6.jpg" style="padding: 10px; height: 120px;" />
The oasis model explains how very old communities were born and worked, and it enables one to understand the techniques, procedures and principles by which harmonious, balanced relationships may be established between human presence and the order of the land. This theme is of acute scientific interest at a time, like the present, when the global interaction of environmental phenomena has made the human contribution to the balance of nature dramatically clear.<br />
+
            </td>
The structure of the oasis can be represented as a catchment tunnel 4 to 8km long which, from the edge of the depression leads uphill toward the high ground; a stronghold (kasbah) or village (ksour) on the rocky edge; and a strip of palm groves extending down into the sebkha to a depth equivalent to the water flow. The amount of cultivable land depends on the water borne by the catchment tunnels. Water permits the creation of soil in the desert, but the possibility of extension toward the bottom of the sebkha has an impassable limit determined by the fact that, as one advances toward the depression, the salt concentration of the soil increases. Therefore, the palm grove extends along the edges of the sebkha with the digging of new tunnels and the installation of new villages.</p>
+
<td>
 
+
              <div style="padding: 25px; ">
<p>&nbsp;</p>
+
            <table style="cell-padding:10px;">
 
+
              <tr style="vertical-align:text-top">
                  <h1 style="margin-top: 50px;">ADVANTAGES AND SUSTAINABILITY</h1><p>Oases constitute an extraordinary reserve of biological diversity and sustainable knowledge, and local populations are the holders of solutions that can be re-proposed, adapted and renewed with the help of the appropriate technologies. This knowledge from the distant past can guide the establishment of new technological paradigms: the capacity to evaluate internal resources and to manage them locally; versatility and interpenetration of technical, ethical an esthetic values; production not as an end in itself, but directed toward collective wellbeing and founded on the principle that every activity must feed another without waste or refuse; the utilization of energy forms based on cycles that continuously renew themselves.</p>
+
<td><font style="font-size: 16px;">Technique: </font></td>
 
+
<td style="padding-left:10px;"><font style="font-size: 20px; padding-left:10px; font-weight: normal;">TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS</font></td>
<p style="text-align: right;"><img alt="" src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/libs/kcfinder/upload/images/fig%2022_Ecosistema%20oasi.jpg" style="width: 400px; height: 270px;" /></p>
+
  </tr>
 
+
          </table>
            </div>
+
              </div>
 +
              </td>
 +
</tr>
 +
</table>
 +
              </div>
 +
<!--
 +
  <h2>TK Links</h2>
 +
   
 +
-->
 +
              <h2 style="margin-top: 50px;">Definition characters description and diffusion</h2>
 +
              <p>Description of&nbsp;TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS</p>
 +
 +
              <h2 style="margin-top: 50px;">General characters description and diffusion</h2>
 +
             
 +
              <h2 style="margin-top: 50px;">Advantages and sustainability</h2>
 +
             
 +
              <h2 style="margin-top: 50px;">Images</h2>
 +
             
 +
              <h2 style="margin-top: 50px;">Deepening</h2>
 +
             
 +
          </div>
 
           </td>
 
           </td>
 
           <td align="center" valign="top"><h3>TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUE DATA</h3>
 
           <td align="center" valign="top"><h3>TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUE DATA</h3>
            <table border="2" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0">
+
          <table border="2" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 90%; text-align: center;">
              <tr style="height: 40px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 40px;">
                <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Technique</td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Technique</td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 100px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 100px;">
                <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;">TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS</td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;">TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS</td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 40px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 40px;">
                <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Icon</td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Icon</td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 100px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 120px;">
                <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;" align="center"><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/imgcategory/E6.jpg" style="padding: 10px; float: left;" /></td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;" align="center"><img src="http://web.tkwb.org/tkwb/public/definitionTechniqueImage?fileName=E6.jpg" style="padding: 10px; height: 120px;" /></td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 40px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 40px;">
                <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Cathegory</td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Cathegory</td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 60px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 60px;">
                <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;"><span style="cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="E_Settlements_architecture_and_movable_handworks" >E - Settlements, architecture and movable handworks </span></td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;"><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=E_Settlements_architecture_and_movable_handworks">E - Settlements, architecture and movable handworks</a></td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 40px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 40px;">
                <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Identification code</td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #999999; font-weight: bold;">Identification code</td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
              <tr style="height: 60px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 60px;">
                <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;">E6</td>
+
              <td style="background-color: #f9f9f9;">E6</td>
              </tr>
+
            </tr>
            </table>
+
          </table>
            <table border="2" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 80%; margin-top: 20px;">
+
          <table border="2" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 80%; margin-top: 20px;">
              <tr style="height: 40px;">
+
            <tr style="height: 40px;">
                <td>
+
              <td><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_LOCAL_APPLICATION_OF_THE_TECHNIQUE"><div style="height: 30px; width: 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; background-color: #FAE7B4; float: left; margin-right: 5px;">
                  <div style="height: 30px; width: 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; background-color: #FFFF66; float: left; margin-right: 5px;">&nbsp;</div><span style="cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_LOCAL_APPLICATION_OF_THE_TECHNIQUE" >Local applications of the technique</span>
+
 
                </td>
+
               </div></a><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_LOCAL_APPLICATION_OF_THE_TECHNIQUE">Local applications of the technique</a></td>
              </tr>
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>
+
                  <div style="height: 30px; width: 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; background-color: #00FF00; float: left; margin-right: 5px;">&nbsp;</div><span style="cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_SUCCESS_STORY">Success stories</span>
+
                </td>
+
               </tr>
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>
+
                  <div style="height: 30px; width: 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; background-color:  #CCCCCC; float: left; margin-right: 5px;">&nbsp;</div><span style="cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_INNOVATIVE_TECHNOLOGIES_AND_SOLUTIONS">Innovative technologies and solutions</span>
+
                </td>
+
              </tr>
+
            </table>
+
            <table cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 100%; margin-top: 20px;">
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>
+
                  <h3>RELATED TECHNIQUES</h3>
+
                </td>
+
              </tr>
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>
+
                 
+
                </td>
+
              </tr>
+
            </table>
+
            <table cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 100%; margin-top: 20px;">
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>Author:</td>
+
              </tr>
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>IPOGEA www.ipogea.org</td>
+
              </tr>
+
              <tr>
+
                <td>Reference:</td>
+
 
             </tr>
 
             </tr>
 
             <tr>
 
             <tr>
               <td>References:
+
               <td><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_SUCCESS_STORY"><div style="height: 30px; width: 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; background-color:  #D9D3EB; float: left; margin-right: 5px;">
Lureano P., Sahara jardin méconnu, Larousse, Paris, 1991
+
  
Bibliograpy:
+
              </div></a><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_SUCCESS_STORY">Success stories</a></td>
AA.VV. Qanat Bibliography. The First International Conference on Qanat, in Perse et Anglais, Yazd, Iran, 2000
+
            </tr>
Goblot, H., Les Qanats, une technique d'acquisition de l'eau, Mouton, Paris, 1979
+
            <tr>
</td>
+
              <td><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_INNOVATIVE_TECHNOLOGIES_AND_SOLUTIONS"><div style="height: 30px; width: 30px; border: 1px solid #000000; background-color:  #F7DCE5; float: left; margin-right: 5px;">
 +
 
 +
              </div></a><a href="http://www.tkwb.org/w/index.php?title=TYPOLOGIES_OF_OASIS_SETTLEMENTS_INNOVATIVE_TECHNOLOGIES_AND_SOLUTIONS">Innovative technologies and solutions</a></td>
 +
            </tr>
 +
          </table>
 +
          <table cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 100%; margin-top: 20px;">
 +
            <tr>
 +
              <td><h3>RELATED TECHNIQUES</h3></td>
 +
            </tr>
 +
            <tr>
 +
              <td>  </td>
 +
            </tr>
 +
          </table>
 +
          <table cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="width: 100%; margin-top: 20px;">
 +
            <tr>
 +
            <td style="font-weight: bold; vertical-align:top; width:40%">Author:</td>
 +
            <td>
 +
        <table>
 +
              <tr><td></td></tr>
 +
          </table>
 +
</td>       
 +
            </tr>
 +
            <tr>
 +
            <td style="font-weight: bold; vertical-align:top;">Other authors:</td>
 +
              <td></td>
 +
            </tr>
 +
            <tr>
 +
              <td style="font-weight: bold; vertical-align:top;">Reference:</td>
 +
              <td></td>
 
             </tr>
 
             </tr>
 
           </table>
 
           </table>
           <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="width: 100%; margin-top: 20px; background-color: #964B00; text-align: center;" height="100">
+
           <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="width: 100%; margin-top: 20px; background-color: #DBB497; text-align: center;" height="100">
 
             <tr style="height: 100px;">
 
             <tr style="height: 100px;">
 
               <td><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/imgcategory/ITKI.jpg" height="60" style="padding-right: 10px; cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="ITKI" /><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/initcp/img/logo.png" height="60"  style="padding-right: 10px; cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="TKWB" /><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/imgcategory/sitti.jpg" height="60" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="SITTI" /></td>
 
               <td><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/imgcategory/ITKI.jpg" height="60" style="padding-right: 10px; cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="ITKI" /><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/initcp/img/logo.png" height="60"  style="padding-right: 10px; cursor: pointer;" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="TKWB" /><img src="http://www.tkwb.org/w/imgcategory/sitti.jpg" height="60" class="tkwb-enable-link" data-obj-link="SITTI" /></td>
 
             </tr>
 
             </tr>
           </table>
+
           </table></td>
       </td>
+
        </tr>
 +
       </table></td>
 
     </tr>
 
     </tr>
    <tr>
+
  </table>
        <td colspan="2" align="center"><span style="cursor: pointer; padding-right: 20px;">Deepening</span><span style="cursor: pointer;">Download PDF</span></td>
+
</html>
    </tr>
+
 
</table>
+

Latest revision as of 20:48, 16 June 2015

GENERAL DEFINITION OF THE TECHNIQUE
Technique: TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS

Definition characters description and diffusion

Description of TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS

General characters description and diffusion

Advantages and sustainability

Images

Deepening

TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUE DATA

Technique
TYPOLOGIES OF OASIS SETTLEMENTS
Icon
Cathegory
E - Settlements, architecture and movable handworks
Identification code
E6
Local applications of the technique
Success stories
Innovative technologies and solutions

RELATED TECHNIQUES

Author:
Other authors:
Reference:

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox